addition to a close monitoring of the ongoing
WTO negotiations and to assessments of their evolution
at critical times, GEM work addresses the two
following broader questions.
negotiations last long: nine years for the Uruguay
Round (1986-1995) and already four years for the
Doha Round. Why such a long and difficult process?
This issue seems closely related to coalition
building. Because it includes almost all the countries
of the world, the WTO offers endless possibilities
of coalitions. This is a crucial benefit for the
small countries -- The WTO offers them a bargaining
power that they cannot enjoy in preferential agreements.
However, this benefit comes with a cost: building
stable coalitions is not an easy task.
WTO negotiations show a roller-coaster pattern
of failures and successes. Is it then possible
to improve the functioning of the WTO? A recent
Report (the “Sutherland” Report) has provided
a series of recommendations. GEM work is contributing
to this debate by offering some variations on
the Sutherland Report recommendations and by beginning
more systematic work on the role and impact of
non-governmental organizations (ONGs) in the trade