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Home page > Research Topics > Trade Policy > Agriculture > World Water GAP

World Water GAP, A Global Approach Program

A research program from the Groupe d’Economie Mondiale (GEM) at Sciences Po

Why water is (also) a global concern

Historically, water resources management focused for the most part on the supply side by improving the implementation of water delivery and making it more efficient to a higher achievable number of users. This management has been hitherto largely implemented on the basis of local, national or regional perspectives. Yet, given increasing demographics and swelling life standards (that could cause the consumption of water per capita to rise), water may also be viewed as a global issue. The potential threat of aggravated water scarcity and world water gap between water rich-countries and water-poor countries should be handled globally. For instance, water borne diseases kill 4 to 5 millions people annually. 40 to 80 millions people have been displaced between 1950 and 1999 in relation to water problems. In addition to that, water supply is a strategic issue that can lead to tensions or conflicts if not properly handled.

The United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)implemented an international response, which is clearly a good step though insufficient as water issues are at different levels a key factor of success in achieving each MDGS. Global water resources management calls for a transformed sustainable framework of analysis through renewed tools and approaches, some of which are addressed by the Water GAP research program with a specific focus on virtual water, our transferable water capital.

Co-ordinated by Alexandre Le Vernoy
Contact: Alexandre.LeVernoy@sciences-po.org
Phone: +33 1 45 49 72 42



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