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Home page > Research Topics > Trade Policy > Agriculture > CAP Research Programme

Research Programme CAP Efficiency, equity and transparency (CAP+)
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Established in 2005, the CAP+ research programme aims at providing public policy recommendations and contributing to the public debate on agricultural, food and rural development policy which is entering a new phase with (i) the debate on post 2013 CAP, (ii) the 2014-2020 European Financial Perspectives and the (iii) Doha Round negotiations reaching a critical stage.

Being the largest European agricultural producer and exporter, France is also the first beneficiary of financial support provided by the CAP – absorbing roughly one fourth of the CAP budget. The successive CAP reforms since 1992 have not resolved the distortions generated by farm subsidies. The French decoupling implementation has been likely to freeze the public support distribution. By contrast, countries such as Germany opted immediately for a full decoupling of direct payments and a dynamic hybrid decoupling model.

These approaches have opposing effects on the distribution of support among farming systems, sectors and territories. Focusing on the second pillar of the CAP, it is also pertinent to stress the different rural development approaches and priorities given by member states to foster green growth, diversification of the rural economy, etc.

European agriculture is diverse and dynamic enough to host large and small farm holdings. It requires innovative farmers, capable of developing long term business plans (which will not be under the constant threat of partial CAP reforms), able to make use of the latest technologies as well as traditional or organically processes, to invest abroad, to think in terms of trademarks and market niches, etc. Such agribusiness and farm holdings should be promoted by a new Europan regulatory framework.

A thorough and transparent evaluation of the European agricultural and trade policies is necessary to understand how (and how much) past and current policies have slowed down the emergence of these new farmers. Designing a new CAP set should make them thriving, in Europe and abroad.


Contact : Pierre Boulanger

A scientific cooperation
GEM Sciences Po (Paris) and Goethe University (Frankfurt/Main).

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