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Conference "The 2020 European agriculture: Long term challenges, new public and private policies"

Papers from wisemen of each session

Swinnen, Jo, Agriculture, Food Security, Safety and Quality.
Moreddu, Catherine, Agriculture and structural adjustment: what public policies?.
Harvey, David, Agriculture & multifunctionality.

Watch Part II of the conference.

Agriculture and new public policies

The coming years will be dominated by three kinds of public policies which were relatively unimportant a few years ago: structural adjustment policies, policies dealing with agricultural and food safety, and those ensuring “multifunctionality”.

These policies deal with concerns that often nurture fears and protectionism. However, it is worth recalling that Europeans’ diet—an essential component of health—has little in common with what it was thirty or forty years ago, and this is mainly due to international trade of food products. As a result, the appropriate question about the three policies is to know how to develop them in a rapidly globalising world.

Session 4. Agriculture, Food Security, and Food Safety

It is important to distinguish food security (a sufficient supply of agricultural products) from food safety (the availability of “good” quality of food). What specific instruments should be used for the former and the latter? What is the appropriate balance between public intervention and markets, between regulations (national, regional, and multilateral) and private standards?

President Louis-Pascal Mahé, INRA
Wiseman Jo Swinnen, LICOS Leuven
Discussants Laurence Roudart, AgroParisTech
Aymard de Montigny, SAF-agriculteurs de France

Listen to session 4
Download Jo Swinnen: Agriculture, Food Security, Safety and Quality.

Session 5. CAP and Structural Adjustment

A modern agricultural policy should promote the competitiveness of heterogeneous agricultural structures while reducing distortions on prices and production. It should also allow restructurings that an uncertain future may require. How can we develop such a policy, taking into account specific agricultural structures (family-run farms, land control, etc.) and the links between the evolution of farmers’ organizations and CMOs?

President Pierre Boulanger, Groupe d’Economie Mondiale (GEM)
Wiseman Catherine Moreddu, OECD
Discussants Jean-Pierre Butault, INRA

Bruno Ledru, Jeunes Agriculteurs

Listen to session 5
Download Catherine Moreddu: Agriculture and structural adjustment: what public policies?.

Session 6. Agriculture and “Multifunctionality”

Markets often take care of the interactions between agriculture and the environment. However, markets are partially or totally inefficient when “public” goods are involved. How can we estimate the value of particular public goods, in order to distinguish primary and secondary concerns? This is a particular difficulty in Europe, where civil society groups tend to have widely divergent opinions on such topics. How can we devolve operating (regulatory and budgetary) competences among local, national and European levels? What should be the architecture for the various Single Farm Payments?

President Jean-Pierre Butault, INRA
Wiseman David Harvey, Newcastle University
Discussants François Lefebvre, CNASEA
Louis-Pascal Mahé, INRA
Thierry Pouch, APCA

Listen to session 6
Download David Harvey: Agriculture & multifunctionality.


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